Saturday, 17 June 2017

Your digestive tract has as many brain cells as a cat



Smart as a cat
Credit: Instituto Medico Laser

“There are over 100 million brain cells in your gut – as many as there are in the head of a cat.”

BBC News – ‘The second brain in our stomachs’
https://www.bbc.com/news/health-18779997

Scientific American – ‘Think Twice: How the Gut's “Second Brain” Influences Mood & Well-Being’
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/gut-second-brain/

Scientific American – ‘Gut Feelings–the “Second Brain” in Our Gastrointestinal Systems’
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/gut-feelings-the-second-brain-in-our-gastrointestinal-systems-excerpt/
/ stomach dark mystery most of us new research revealing surprising ways our guts exert control over our mood and appetite stomach digestion in action London's Science Museum watched live pictures from my own stomach porridge eaten for breakfast churned broken up exposed to acid pushed out small intestine creamy mush called chyme swallowed miniature camera pill travelling through my digestive system projecting images onto a giant screen stomach complex work control the little brain network of neurons line stomach and your gut 100 million cells in your gut many as there are in the head of a cat little brain complex thinking essential daily grind digesting food mixing contracting absorbing break down food begin extracting nutrients vitamins we need neurons neuron lining our digestive system keep in close contact brain in your skull vagus nerves influence our emotional state experience butterflies in the stomach brain in the stomach talking to the brain in your head get nervous or fearful blood diverted from our gut to our muscles stomach's way of protesting hunger hormones accommodate big meal stomach has to expand size of a fist around 2 litres 40-fold increase stretch receptors stomach told the brain stomach was full time to stop eating hunger signals produced by your stomach far more sophisticated doctors treat grown to 20 stone heart attack lose weight gastric bypass operation reducing size of the stomach smaller the stomach the less you eat surgeon Mr Ahmed Ahmed London's Charing Cross Hospital surgery you're producing changes in various hormones chemical messengers affect hunger levels fullness levels cause the weight loss gastric bypass surgery isolated part stomach produces most ghrelin hormone play a key role in making you feel hungry permanent fall in production of ghrelin new shrunken stomach attached further down his small intestine ileum secretes a different gut hormone PYY responsible for making you feel full normally takes 20 minutes for food to get from the stomach to the ileum causing release of PYY message to the brain I'm full better to eat slowly give stomach chance tell the brain you have had enough before you overeat ileum stomach brain already lost three stone eat a small amount of food and I feel full lose more weight gastric bypass available extreme cases intense interest developing drugs mimic actions PYY brain rules our decision-making process operations our guts very profound effect how we behave big meal third of your blood supply diverted to your guts digest guts human stomach /

Thursday, 15 June 2017

KaWoof – let your dog throw its own damn ball!




Looks like a bunch of fun to share with your dog – which begs the question, why not just throw the ball & leave out the device? Perhaps KaWoof would be useful if the dog owner has a shoulder injury, or some other disability, that makes throwing impractical. Or is the purpose of KaWoof to let the dog play fetch without a human present?

It would be interesting to see how long (or even if) a dog (or dogs) would continue to use KaWoof with no human present.

KaWoof is a Kickstarter project – funding ends in 27 days.

Kickstarter – “KaWoof - Natural ball launcher for your dog”
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/loewenpracht/kawoof-natural-ball-launcher-for-your-dog
/ KaWoof ecological ecologically produced ball launcher dogs runs completely without electricity dog toys made out of plastic non natural toxic materials dog toys we wanted to make a difference making dog toys training gadgets invented natural ball launcher KaWoof KaWoof regrowing material wood designed work big and small dogs four strength settings adjust to your dog’s needs dog should at least weigh weight 5kg use KaWoof developed throwing arm use different ball sizes no expensive balls needed golfball sized ball tennis ball all sizes work KaWoof developing analyzing KaWoof 3D software optimize our product Kai Hillebrand inventor developer KaWoof ball catapult built Christmas present his mother Christa Hillebrand dogs his mother had so much fun first prototype further developed KaWoof Christa Hillebrand dog trainer hairy four-legged friends many years of experience dogs KaWoof prototype mature in design and function organization materials optimization production process next challenge small family business design KaWoof designed partial automation CNC milling machine produce required quantities high quality support project /

Sunday, 4 June 2017

Australia’s National Broadband Network – a cautionary tale



Credit: Northrop


The government-led push to modernize its telecommunications system was unprecedented, experts say – & provides a cautionary tale for others who might like to try something similar.

“Australia was the first country where a totally national plan to cover every house or business was considered,” said Rod Tucker, a University of Melbourne professor & a member of the expert panel that advised on the effort. “The fact it was a government plan didn’t necessarily make it doomed. In Australia, we have changes of governments every three years, which really works against the ability to undertake long-term planning, & the long-term rollouts of networks like this.”


The New York Times – “How Australia Bungled Its $36 Billion High-Speed Internet Rollout”
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/11/world/australia/australia-slow-internet-broadband.html
/ modernize modernise how Australia bungled Its $36 billion high-speed internet rollout Brisbane Australia internet speeds trail developed world Morgan Jaffit more reliable data transfer postal system downloaded Hand of Fate action video game studio Brisbane Defiant Development audio designer Melbourne quicker send hard drive by road than to upload the files big file sizes kill us release update small bug kill us by three or four days Australia wealthy nation widely envied quality of life lags in one essential area of modern life internet speed country began unprecedented broadband modernization effort cost at least 49 billion Australian dollars $36 billion average internet speed lags United States Western Europe Japan South Korea most recent ranking internet speeds Akamai networking company Australia embarrassing No. 51 trailing developing economies Thailand Kenya slow broadband connection frustration Instagram video buffer buffering delay problem sluggish Netflix stream slurred Skype call businesses complain slow speeds hobble effectiveness add to costs Australia risks being left behind countries China India start-up cultures match succss Silicon Valley keep their economies on the cutting edge start up startup poor broadband speeds hold back Australia competitive advantage John O’Mahony economist Deloitte Access Economics 2015 report Deloitte valued nation’s digital economy $58 billion worth 50 percent more by 2020 speed growth at risk broadband to support it Australia’s costly internet bungle hazards mingling telecommunication infrastructure impatience modern politics Internet modernization plan hobbled by cost overruns partisan maneuvering major technical compromise 19th-century technology country’s 21st-century digital backbone homes and businesses government-led push modernize telecommunications system unprecedented experts cautionary tale Australia first country totally national plan cover every house or business Rod Tucker University of Melbourne professor government plan doomed Australia changes of governments every three years works against ability undertake long-term planning long-term rollout networks Australia natural connectivity challenges oceans away from other countries network connect far-flung cities separated sparsely populated interior Australia high hopes ambitious internet project started 2009 initiative National Broadband Network NBN advanced fiber-optic technology every home business estimated cost 43 billion Australian dollars government private sector failed policy Australia broadband backwater Kevin Rudd then prime minister leader Labor Party government share costs quickly climbed taxpayers responsible for all of it technology slow roll out negotiations Telstra Australia big telecommunications provider installing fiber Telstra spokesman talks delays government-funded effort government funded drew fire Liberal Party opposition the private sector Liberal-led coalition elected 2013 contain costs speed up rollout focused telecommunications industry the last mile wires connect home business broader network National Broadband Network envisioned high-speed fiber connecting homes businesses directly network Liberal conservative compromised connecting existing copper wire same technology earliest days of the telephone critics slow speeds did not stop rising costs Australia had aggressive, forward-looking visionary government project build fiber network Mike Quigley chief executive project until 2013 opportunity lost bad judgments ideologically politically driven spokeswoman Liberal Party connecting new users Labor Party party fixing the internet campaign platforms national elections how difficult the problem will be to solve average speeds have more than doubled since 2013 Akamai other countries are connecting their populations faster Australia’s lag with the rest of the world has grown big businesses can opt to pay for fast connections, but the cost can be considerable GO1 education technology company near Brisbane spent $22,000 speed upgrade September 2015 pays $1,000 per month high-speed 100 megabit connection software company two main costs internet and staff Andrew Barnes chief executive co-founder lower more to spend on building the team employees Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam far fewer issues joining the company’s weekly webinars Vietnam telephone wires are just a mess despite obvious infrastructure problems Internet much much better video game industry pushed for better speeds dirt roads Ben Britten chief technology officer Mighty Games Group Senate hearing his industry’s future trying to push huge semi trucks down dirt roads need to have some highways look for ways around the barriers old-fashioned radio Nick Lorenzi Cairns northeastern Queensland frustrated with copper wire speeds just a few miles away much faster fiber connection information technology worker bandwidth from two transmitter dishes that cost $440 total Internet was rubbish up really high on a hill take advantage of that copper based connection speed just rubbish Internet just pathetic, really /